By Richard Hofstadter
Original yr of publication: 1955; 1960 - pb
This ebook is a landmark in American political inspiration. It examines the fervour for development and reform that coloured the total interval from 1890 to 1940 -- with startling and stimulating effects. It searches out the ethical and emotional explanations of the reformers the myths and desires within which they believed, and the realities with which they'd to compromise.
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Within the years after the progressive struggle, the fledgling republic of the US used to be considered through many Europeans as a degenerate backwater, populated by means of subspecies vulnerable and feeble. leader between those naysayers was once the French count number and world-renowned naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon, who wrote that the wildlife of the US (humans incorporated) have been not as good as ecu specimens.
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Extra info for The Age of Reform
A nobility). man might create a perfect moral order with perfect moral freedom. From its first settlements. not only in Pilgrim Plymouth but in almost every colony. America has been a utopian experiment in achieving the Kingdom of God on eanh. Our Revolution was justified on these terms in 1776. Our history has been essentially the history of one long millenarian movement. Americans. in their cultural mythology. are God's chosen. leading the world to perfection. Every awakening has revived, revitalized.
Tawney summarized the ideological conflict between Anglicanism and Puritanism in Religion and the Rise of Capitalism (1926): If a philosophy of society is to be effective, it must be as mobile and realistic as the forces which it would control. The weakness of an attitude which met the onset of insurgent economic interests with a generalized appeal to traditional morality and an idealization of the past 27 The Puritan Awakening and the Culture Core [as the English king and bishops did) was only too obvious.
Tawney exaggerated somewhat, but in essence the philosophy of Puritanism did challenge not only the theology and polity of the Anglican Church but also its social theory. Englishmen, especially in the middling class. who prior to 1600 had little use for Puritanism. began to find that it had much to commend it. The ascendancy ofJames VI of Scotland to the throne of England in 1603 seemed to give the Puritan reformers the chance they had been waiting for. James had been raised in Scotland and was an ardent Calvinist theologian.
The Age of Reform by Richard Hofstadter
Categories: American History