Read e-book online Life-span perspectives on health and illness PDF

By Thomas L. Whitman, Thomas V. Merluzzi, Robert D. White

ISBN-10: 0805827714

ISBN-13: 9780805827712

This quantity bargains a finished and conceptually built-in assessment of the altering organic, mental, and social/environmental affects on healthiness and disease from the prenatal interval via infancy, youth, youth, and maturity. in line with the basis that protecting and threat components differ with lifestyles level, numerous chapters research the advance of significant organic structures and the altering position of genetics and atmosphere through the years. moreover, they supply info on environmental impacts throughout the prenatal interval and early youth, continual sickness in formative years, and wellbeing and fitness and overall healthiness dangers in formative years. Chapters on maturity supply distinct emphasis to mid-life transitions in overall healthiness, resiliency in later existence, and the influence of caregiving on well-being. ultimate chapters concentrate on dying and loss of life and on an integrative version of future health and disorder around the existence span.

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Personal health is also influenced by the cultural context and changes in this context, such as the advent of health maintenance organizations (HMOs). Cultural attitudes affect individual attitudes and the value placed on health programs and specific health-engendering behaviors. , in old age or because of chronic disease), individuals engage in efforts to cope with structural and functional changes in behavior. Sometimes when recovery from a health problem is not possible, they compensate for such changes by directing their efforts elsewhere (selective optimization).

Masten et al. (1990) pointed out that although resiliency research has yielded descriptive information concerning the factors that allow individuals to adapt in problematic situations and place them at risk for negative outcomes, it has yielded little insight into the underlying processes that influence adaption. Some of these insights are provided by a closely related research area that examines how people cope with stressful situations. 2, which can be variously thought about as potential stressors or coping resources.

For example, it could be argued that infants are healthier than adults because the catabolic processes that gradually erode body structures and processes have had less time to operate. Conversely, it is known that infants and young children are more at risk for many illnesses than adults because their immune system processes are still developing. Closer examination of this question points out that general statements about health or illness are overly simplistic, given that different biological (and psychological) systems have different developmental trajectories (see chapter 2, this volume).

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Life-span perspectives on health and illness by Thomas L. Whitman, Thomas V. Merluzzi, Robert D. White


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