Islam and Politics in Afghanistan by Asta Olesen PDF

By Asta Olesen

ISBN-10: 0700702997

ISBN-13: 9780700702992

The years 1978 and 1979 have been dramatic all through south and western Asia. In Iran, the Pahlavi dynasty was once toppled via an Islamic revolution. In Pakistan, Zulfigar Ali Bhutto was once hanged through the army regime that toppled him and which then proceeded to enforce an Islamization programme. among the 2 lay Afghanistan whose "Saur Revolution" of April 1978 quickly built right into a complete scale civil battle and Soviet intervention. the army fight that used to be principally encouraged by way of Soviet-US contention however the ideological fight a dynamic of its personal. Drawing on a variety of resources, together with such formerly unused archival fabric as British Intelligence reviews, this can be a distinctive examine of the Afghan debate at the position of Islam in politics from the formation of the trendy Afghan nation round 1800 to the current day.

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Asta Olesen's Islam and Politics in Afghanistan PDF

The years 1978 and 1979 have been dramatic all through south and western Asia. In Iran, the Pahlavi dynasty used to be toppled via an Islamic revolution. In Pakistan, Zulfigar Ali Bhutto used to be hanged by means of the army regime that toppled him and which then proceeded to enforce an Islamization programme. among the 2 lay Afghanistan whose "Saur Revolution" of April 1978 quickly built right into a complete scale civil battle and Soviet intervention.

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Nor can the Sufi pir - with thousands of devotees, controlling extensive areas of waqfland and receiving royal grants - or the regionally powerful and rich sayyid families be compared to the wandering darwishes (religious mendicants) and faqirs, who had renounced all worldly attachments for a life of spiritual devotion. 2B The Madrasa The religious leaders' most important institutional source of influence and authority in society was their absolute monopoly over the educational system, which, however, by the mid-nineteenth century was not yet structured as one coherent system.

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Some village imams knew even less than this and acted mainly as prayer leaders, carrying out the basic religious functions in connection with birth, death and other such rites. In these Qur"an-schools, maktab, children were also instructed in the basics of religion such as praying, fasting etc. Those pursuing actual education would enrol in a madrasa. D. D. 1066-67 in order to promote Sunni orthodoxy and counteract Shita 'propaganda' in the empire, as well as to train reliable, competent administrators schooled in Islamic Law.

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Islam and Politics in Afghanistan by Asta Olesen


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