By Julie Lockwood, Martha Hoopes, Michael Marchetti
This publication presents a complete creation to all elements of organic invasion by way of non-native species. Highlighting vital study findings linked to every one degree of invasion, Invasion Ecology presents an outline of the invasion procedure from transportation styles and explanations of firm good fortune to ecological affects, invader administration, and post-invasion evolution.Increasing understanding of the issues linked to invasion has resulted in a swift development in learn into the dynamics of non-native species and their hostile results on local biota and human economies. This booklet offers a synthesis of this speedy turning out to be box of study, and is an important textual content for undergraduate and graduate scholars in ecology and conservation administration.
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Moyle 2002). Perhaps the best example of this type of movement involves the now virtually cosmopolitan game fish, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). This species of salmonid is native to the streams and rivers of the western United States. By 1996, the species had been transported to every continent around the globe and more than 100 countries and oceanic islands primarily for game purposes (Lever 1996). Along with the importation of game fish species, came the importation of species used to catch these fish.
The answer to this question is complicated by the fact that every new container ship does not bring with it a whole new suite of species. Each ship brings “samples” from donor regions already “sampled” by previous ships. Levine and D’Antonio suggest that this sampling process is similar to the dilemma faced by ecologists when they estimate species richness from a series of sampling plots.
For example, kudzu (Pueraria montana var lobata) was introduced into the United States in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, where it was promoted as a forage crop and as an ornamental plant (Miller & Edwards 1983). Private individuals and state officials subsequently planted it over much of the southeastern United States. Kudzu was eventually removed from the list of acceptable cover crops in 1953, and by 1970 it was recognized as a weed by the US Department of Agriculture (Miller & Edwards 1983).
Invasion Ecology by Julie Lockwood, Martha Hoopes, Michael Marchetti