By Bram Lancee
To what quantity can varied different types of social capital support immigrants make headway at the labour marketplace? a solution to this urgent query starts off the following. Taking the Netherlands and Germany as case reports, the booklet identifies types of social capital which can paintings to extend employment, source of revenue and occupational prestige and, conversely, reduce unemployment. New insights into the thoughts of bonding and bridging come up via quantitative examine tools, utilizing longitudinal and crosssectional info. touching on a dense community with 'thick' belief, bonding is measured as kinfolk ties, co-ethnic ties and belief within the relatives. Bridging is obvious when it comes to interethnic ties, hence implying a crosscutting community with 'thin' belief. Immigrant functionality within the Labour marketplace finds that even if bonding permits immigrants to get through, bridging allows them to get ahead--Publisher's description. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Immigrant Performance in the Labour Market: Bonding and Bridging Social Capital
Structural bonding is operationalised as family and co-ethnic ties. The key concept for cognitive bonding social capital is thick trust. 3 The elements of immigrants’ bonding and bridging social capital Thin trust in an ethnic community ‘Structural holes’ in an ethnic community Thin trust • Outward orientation • Modernisation values Structural holes • Interethnic ties • Access to institutions that contain mainly native residents Bridging SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY 31 32 IMMIGRANT PERFORMANCE IN THE LABOUR MARKET one’s close and dense network.
In the period 1980-1994, a conscious ethnic minorities policy was developed, realising that most immigrants were to stay for good. Under this policy, people were seen as members of an ethnic group rather than as individuals. The basic assumption of the policy was that in the wake of immigration, the Netherlands had become a multi-ethnic society 44 IMMIGRANT PERFORMANCE IN THE LABOUR MARKET in which majority and minority should live harmoniously, with equal opportunities for everyone. In practice, this meant integration with preservation of own identity.
Germany has a slightly larger labour market for unskilled and semi-skilled jobs than the Netherlands. It could therefore be that job-seeking immigrants in the Netherlands gain 54 IMMIGRANT PERFORMANCE IN THE LABOUR MARKET more from possessing (bonding and bridging) social capital, since there are potentially fewer jobs available for them than for immigrants in Germany. Furthermore, in countries with a more flexible labour market, male immigrants are less disadvantaged (Kogan 2007b). In particular, labour market rigidity could have an impact on the relation between social capital and labour market outcomes.
Immigrant Performance in the Labour Market: Bonding and Bridging Social Capital by Bram Lancee
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