By Manuel Miro Jodral
The e-book contains present wisdom on Illicium verum (star anise) and Pimpinella anisum (aniseed), major advertisement species wealthy in anetol. It additionally analyzes Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) and different species of Pimpinella (P. significant, P. peregrina and P. saxifraga). This quantity features a botanical, chemical, pharmacological, and healing survey of those species, and a evaluate of conventional makes use of. It covers cultivation, harvesting, drying, garage, and yield, besides monetary value and marketplace developments. The ebook is effective for collage professors and scholars, sanitary pros, investigators, and researchers operating with fragrant and medicinal vegetation.
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Additional info for Illicium, Pimpinella and Foeniculum
Engelmann, Leipzig, 1898, p. 63–250. Gershenzon, J. , Secondary metabolites and the higher classification of angiosperms, Nord. J. , 3, 5–34, 1983. , Sturtevant’s Edible Plants of the World. Dover, New York, 1972. , Illicium verum, Curtis’s Bot. , 114, pl. 7005, 1888. , Illicium religiosum, Curtis’s Bot. , 69, pl. 3965, 1842. , Angiosperm family pairs: preliminary cladistic analyses, Harvard Pap. , 5, 1–51, 1994. , Species Plantarum, Salvius, Stockholm, 1753. , Higher level relationships of Apiales (Apiaceae and Araliaceae) based on phylogenetic analysis of rbcL sequences, Am.
The structures of these compounds were assigned on the basis of nuclear magnetic resonance spectral data and by comparison with spectral data of pseudoanisatin (118) and dunnianin (124). Schmidt and Peters (1997) reported that dunnianin (124), 7-deoxy-7-hydroxypseudoanisatin (123a), and 3benzoylpseudoanisatin (119) were isolated from the American star anise, I. floridanum, and their structures were reinvestigated by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analyses as well as by x-ray crystallographic analysis of dunnianin.
These spectral data indicate that 54 consists of a unique stereostructure; the γ-asarone acetal moiety takes an pseudoaxial orientation at the C-3 position, whereas the dimethylcarbinol group at the C-11 position lies inside the molecule. The formation of 57 may be presumably involved in a radical process, but its details have been a puzzle. , 1988). , 1991, 1997). , 1984) or by 1,4-addition of the secondary alcohol derived from ring opening of the epoxide followed by hydrolysis of the methylenedioxy ring.
Illicium, Pimpinella and Foeniculum by Manuel Miro Jodral
Categories: Food Science