Download e-book for iPad: Human Factors in Nuclear Safety by Neville A. Stanton

By Neville A. Stanton

ISBN-10: 0203481976

ISBN-13: 9780203481974

ISBN-10: 0203790219

ISBN-13: 9780203790212

ISBN-10: 0748401660

ISBN-13: 9780748401666

There's a transforming into acceptance among these concerned with the production and distribution of nuclear energy of the price and confident influence of ergonomics, popularity heightened via the belief that safeguard incidents are hardly the results of basically technical failure.  This paintings presents insights into plant layout, functionality shaping elements, the fostering of a security tradition, education, choice, alarm layout, group functionality and knowledge assortment.

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G. g. shared control and automatic systems with manual backup). Function allocation seeks to enhance overall plant safety and reliability by exploring the strengths of personnel and system elements, including improvements that can be achieved through the assignment of control to these elements with overlapping and redundant responsibilities. Function allocation should be based upon HFE principles using a structured and well-documented methodology that seeks to provide personnel with logical, coherent, and meaningful tasks.

Cognitive aspects Obtaining information becomes more economic with time, …. ■ Organisational aspects The operators can modify the prescribed sharing of tasks in accordance with the situation and their workload,…. Definition of measurements Measurements are the data to be collected during the assessment and they must be chosen in accordance with their ‘sensitivity’ to the points of detail to be assessed. For example, to assess the obtaining of information, during the assessment the number and type of items of information used for a given phase of control are collected.

If human factors engineering is to have an impact on the system design process, the behavioral scientist must be called in at the beginning, while it is still possible to influence major design decisions. Source: (Chapanis, 1970). The development of a major system is an involved process in any environment. In the arena of nuclear power, advanced control room (ACR) concepts are being developed in the commercial nuclear industry as part of future reactor design. The ACRs will use advanced human-system interface (HSI) technologies that may have significant implications for plant safety in that they will affect the operator’s overall role (function) in the system, the method of information presentation, the ways in which the operator interacts with the system, and the requirements on the operator to understand and supervise an increasingly complex system.

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Human Factors in Nuclear Safety by Neville A. Stanton


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