By Susan Thistle
A social transformation of profound proportions has been unfolding over the second one half the 20th century as girls have grew to become from loved ones paintings to wages because the key resource in their livelihood. This well timed learn, a huge comparative research of African American women's and white women's altering relationships to domestic and paintings during the last 40 years, ultimately presents a wide-ranging evaluation of ways this shift is influencing the form of households and the yankee financial system. Susan Thistle brings jointly varied matters and statistics--the plight of unmarried moms; the time crunch confronted through many oldsters; the matter of housekeeping; styles of labor, employment and marriage; and masses more--in a wealthy and interesting research that pulls from background, economics, political technological know-how, sociology, executive records, and census info to place gender on the heart of the social and monetary alterations of the previous a long time. With its huge old and theoretical sweep, transparent charts and tables, and obtainable writing, From Marriage to the marketplace might be a vital source for knowing the tumultuous alterations at present remodeling American society.
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Extra resources for From Marriage to the Market: The Transformation of Women's Lives and Work
61 We therefore find that, though many African American women engaged in low-paid work at the margins of the industrial economy, unlike many men who entered the paid workforce, they did not become wholly reliant on wages. Instead, they were long involved in two forms of work. Most black women gave their primary attention to domestic tasks for their own families, and family income came largely from their husbands’ earnings. Thus, while black women received much less support for their work in the home than did most white women, black families also sustained their own form of the gender division of labor as the industrial system developed.
The other avenues of support offered to women by the market were few and easily blocked. Even those women organizing for greater rights decided not to challenge the division of labor between the sexes. 19 In short, the domestic tasks done by women still needed doing. Until those tasks could be accomplished in some other way, gathering supporters, the existing configuration of interests worked to perpetuate the gender division of labor, thereby reducing the possibilities of its transformation in the process.
While both men and women engaged in productive tasks, men controlled this arrangement and the land and homes in which women worked. Though women’s work was crucial to their families, their access to much of what they needed for survival lay in men’s hands. Thus, in essence, women worked for men, who supported and benefited from such domestic labor. Marriage was the primary institution formalizing this arrangement, giving men legal and economic authority over women. 3 Today, this term (or the sexual division of labor) commonly refers to women’s continued responsibility for domestic chores and child care, 16 Support for Women’s Domestic Economy and men’s focus on paid work and avoidance of domestic tasks despite their wives’ employment.
From Marriage to the Market: The Transformation of Women's Lives and Work by Susan Thistle
Categories: Labor Industrial Relations