By Jean-Pierre Filiu
In his irritating and well timed publication Jean-Pierre Filiu lays naked the concepts and strategies hired by means of
the center jap autocracies, principally these of Syria, Egypt, Yemen and Algeria, that got down to overwhelm the democratic uprisings of the 'Arab Revolution.'
In pursuit of those pursuits they became to the intelligence organizations and inner protection hands of the 'deep state,' the militia, and to highway gangs similar to the Shabiha to implement their will. along actual intimidation, imprisonment and homicide, Arab counter-revolutionaries discredited and break up their competitors via boosting Salafi-Jihadi teams similar to Islamic nation. in addition they published from felony hardline Islamists and secretly armed and funded them.
The complete power of the Arab counter-revolution stunned such a lot observers, who concept that they had noticeable all of it from the Arab despots: their perversity, their brutality, their voracity. however the wider international underestimated their ferocious readiness actually to burn down their nations in an effort to grasp to absolute energy. Bashar al-Assad clambered to the pinnacle of this murderous classification of tyrants, using approximately half the Syrian inhabitants in to exile and executing tens of millions of his rivals. He has set a grisly precedent, person who different Arab autocrats are guaranteed to stick with of their pursuit of absolute power.
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Extra resources for From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy
A military triumvirate, composed of Enver, Talaat and Djemal (the so-called three Pashas), seized power in 1913 and put an end to the constitutional era. â•… The ‘three Pashas’ shared a passionate Turkish nationalism (with the dream of Pan-Turkism substituting for the Ottoman ideal), a fascination for German militarism and a strong antipathy towards Christian minorities, who they resented as a ‘fifth column’ in the very bosom of the Empire. In the context of the First World War, they joined forces with the Central Empires in Â€ Â€ 20 THE MYTHICAL FATHERS OF THE NATION 1914 and launched the following year a mass deportation of the Armenian population, one that culminated in genocide.
Discontent was so pervasive in the Syrian public that the bloodless coup of September 1961, restoring the independence of Syria, was celebrated as a new liberation. Even the disillusioned Bitar welcomed such a move. â•… The three and a half years of UAR authoritarianism had nevertheless struck a terrible blow against the capacity of the Syrian political class to live up to their patriotic pretences. The army had restored their power, but the political environment was swamped by murky intrigue. Baathist and Nasserist plotters competed in the shadows.
The emir Idris al-Senoussi, who had wisely sided with the British during the war, could also rely on his strong support among the nationalist militants, often members of the Senoussi Sufi order. A UN-sponsored process led to the proclamation in 1951 of the independence of Libya, with Idris as its constitutional monarch. â•… In North Africa, France accepted a loosening of its colonial grip only after its humiliating 1954 defeat in Indochina. The Moroccan Sultan Mohammad had been exiled in 1953 to Corsica, then to Madagascar, and popular protest against this harsh French diktat nurtured two years of violent disturbances.
From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy by Jean-Pierre Filiu