By Jack Ralph Kloppenburg Jr.
First the Seed spotlights the heritage of plant breeding and exhibits how efforts to regulate the seed have formed the emergence of the rural biotechnology undefined. This moment variation of a vintage paintings within the political financial system of technological know-how contains an intensive, new bankruptcy updating the research to incorporate the newest advancements within the fight over the course of crop genetic engineering.
1988 textile, 1990 Paperback, Cambridge collage Press
Winner of the Theodore Saloutos Award of the rural historical past Society
Winner of the Robert ok. Merton Award of the yank Sociological organization
Read Online or Download First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology (Science and Technology in Society) PDF
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Additional info for First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology (Science and Technology in Society)
Moreover, as a result of a September 1985 decision of the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences, plants are now considered patentable subject matter. Biotechnology pushes the commodification of the seed forward along both technical and juridical paths. It thus offers opportunities for private sector profits in an enlarged market. But full realization of this promise is yet constrained by the refractory Introduction I7 presence of the state in agricultural research. The current economic crisis and the high stakes and sense of urgency associated with biotechnology have compelled private interests to push unambiguously for a major restructuring of public agricultural research efforts (Kenney and Kloppenburg I 983).
This primitive accumulation of plant germplasm for processing in the scientific institutions of the developed world is one of the enduring features of the historical relationship between the capitalist core and its global periphery. The evolution of access to, utilization of, and control over plant genetic resources is a matter of fundamental importance. Of particular interest are the institutional structures that have been created Introduction 15 to facilitate and control the movement of plant genetic materials.
They emerge from chains of activity, in which at many points their form and existence is in jeopardy. 'l'here is no unstoppable process that brings inventions to the market. They are realized only as survivors. [Yoxen 1983:27] Biotechnology is still an embryonic technical form. The public agricultural research agencies are currently in a phase of flux and transition. We have before us both a tremendous opportunity and an enormous challenge. We have the opportunity of taking hold of a powerful new productive force in its formative stages and bending it to the satisfaction of human needs in a rational manner.
First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology (Science and Technology in Society) by Jack Ralph Kloppenburg Jr.