By Pernille Rieker
This new ebook tackles key questions: 1) How is the ecu functioning as a safety actor? 2) How and to what quantity is the ecu affecting nationwide protection identities?
Focusing at the 4 greatest Nordic states (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden), this incisive research analyzes how and to what quantity the european impacts nationwide defense identities. It exhibits how the ecu has built right into a certain type of safety actor that, because of its point of political integration, has a huge impact on nationwide protection methods and identities.
This new research applies a clean mixture of integration concept, safeguard stories and experiences of Europeanization. the most argument during this publication is that, instead of adapting to the altering stipulations created by way of the top of the chilly conflict, the Nordic states replaced their protection ways based on the eu integration technique. It indicates how various levels within the put up chilly struggle ecu integration procedure have inspired the nationwide defense methods of Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Norway. whereas all 4 protection methods appear to have been Europeanized, the rate and the nature of those adjustments appear to differ as a result of a mixture of differing ties to the ecu and differing defense coverage traditions.
This new publication may be of significant curiosity to all scholars of ecu Defence, nationwide safeguard and of defense reports quite often.
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Additional resources for Europeanization of National Security Identity: The EU and the changing security identities of the Nordic states
Five assumptions, to be investigated in the ensuing chapters, are formulated towards the end of Chapter 3. In the following four chapters (Chapters 4–7) developments in the Swedish, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian security discourses from 1990 to December 2004 are analysed. Towards the end of each chapter the model presented in Chapter 3 is applied in order to see whether it is possible to speak of a ‘Europeanization’ of the security identities of these four Nordic countries. The case studies are presented in the order indicated above, starting with Sweden and Finland, both of which became members in 1995, followed by Denmark, a member since 1973 but with a special status since 1993 due to its ‘opt-outs’, and ending with Norway, which rejected membership in 1994 but has developed a close relationship to the Union in the years after the referendum.
This period saw several initiatives and consultations between the European states, motivated by mutual and common security concerns aiming at avoiding another war. From 1945 to 1949 the Western European countries and their North American allies viewed with concern the expansionist politics and methods of the USSR. Having fulﬁlled their own wartime undertakings to reduce their defence establishments and to demobilize forces, Western governments became increasingly alarmed as it became clear that the Soviet leadership intended to maintain its own military forces at full strength.
They are also characterized by what Deutsch has called a ‘we-feeling’, or shared identity. As states move toward community, they no longer need to rely on balance-of-power mechanisms to protect their security. In such a community, states focus on assurance rather than on deterrence. Collective security, joint military planning and integration, unfortiﬁed borders, free movement of people across borders and common deﬁnitions of both external and internal threats – these are all hallmarks of security communities.
Europeanization of National Security Identity: The EU and the changing security identities of the Nordic states by Pernille Rieker
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