J.E. Roeckelein's Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories PDF

By J.E. Roeckelein

ISBN-10: 0444517502

ISBN-13: 9780444517500

In trying to comprehend and clarify a variety of behaviour, occasions, and phenomena of their box, psychologists have constructed and enunciated a major variety of 'best guesses' or theories in regards to the phenomenon in query. Such theories contain speculations and statements that variety on a efficiency continuum from 'strong' to 'weak'. The time period idea, itself, has been conceived of in quite a few methods within the mental literature. within the current dictionary, the tactic of lumping jointly all of the a variety of conventional descriptive labels concerning psychologists 'best guesses' lower than the one descriptive time period thought has been followed. The descriptive labels of precept, legislation, concept, version, paradigm, influence, speculation and doctrine are connected to a number of the entries, and all such descriptive labels are subsumed less than the umbrella time period theory.The name of this dictionary emphasizes the time period idea (implying either powerful and susceptible top guesses) and is a manner of indication, total, the contents of this entire dictionary in a parsimonious and felicitous fashion.The dictionary will comprise nearly 2,000 phrases masking the origination, improvement, and evolution of assorted mental options, in addition to the ancient definition, research, and criticisms of mental thoughts. phrases and definitions are in English. *Contains over 2,000 phrases overlaying the origination, improvement and evolution of varied mental concepts*Covers a large span of theories, from auditory, cognitive tactile and visible to humor and imagery*An crucial source for psychologists wanting a single-source quickly reference

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Extra resources for Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories

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The role of frustrative nonreward in noncontinuous reward situations. Psychological Bulletin, 55, 102-119. Amsel, A. (1962). Frustrative nonreward in partial reinforcement and discrimination learning. Psychological Bulletin, 69, 306-328. Amsel, A. (1992). Frustration theory - many years later. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 396-399. ANACLITIC THEORY. = anaclitic objectchoice theory. , the behavior of the infant at its mother’s breast). Anaclitic object- 27 choice refers to a form of object-choice in which the person chooses a “love-object” (instinctual object that helps to attain an instinctual aim) to resemble a parental figure, and is attracted to other people who have the potential for protecting, caring, and feeding him or her.

Learning/behavioral theories of anxiety have been distinguished from the psychodynamic and psychoanalytic theories on the basis of the type of stimuli (proximal versus distal) involved, where proximal cues/stimuli (such as reinforcement in a stimulus-response sequence) are associated with learning and behavioral theory, and the distal cues/stimuli (such as some intrapsychic conflict) are associated with the analytic or dynamic theories. The learning and behavioral anxiety theories have been advanced by researchers such as J.

N. (1999). Landamatics instructional design theory and methodology for teaching general methods of thinking. In C. M. ), Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory. Vol. II. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. ALIASING/STROBOSCOPIC PHENOMENON. The American statistician John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000) described this distortion in an oscillating visual or auditory signal that results from inadequate high resolution when the signal is sampled at a frequency that is too low relative to the signal’s frequency.

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