New PDF release: Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art

By Gary Vikan

Early Byzantine Pilgrimage paintings explores the transportable artifacts of jap Mediterranean pilgrimage from the 5th to the 7th century, providing them within the context of latest pilgrims’ texts and the archaeology of sacred websites. The e-book indicates how the iconography and devotional piety of Byzantine pilgrimage artwork replaced, and it surveys the cloth and social tradition of pilgrimage. What did those early non secular tourists take domestic with them and what did they depart in the back of? the place have been those “sacred souvenirs” synthetic and what was once their function? How did the photographs imprinted upon lots of them support notice that goal? the 1st version of this pathbreaking ebook, released in 1982, tested past due old pilgrimage and its artifacts as an incredible subject of research. during this revised, enlarged model, Gary Vikan considerably expands the narrative via situating the incredible global of the early Byzantine pilgrim in the context of past due old magic and pre-Christian therapeutic shrines, and through contemplating the trajectory of pilgrimage after the Arab conquest of the 7th century.

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This evidence suggests that the censer had an important role to play in the pious ritual through which the effective power of the eulogia was invoked. It was the sacrifice which accompanied the suppliant’s invocational prayer and which predisposed the intercessor (or deity) to act favorably on his behalf. The bond of intercessor, prayer, Fig. 23 and incense is visually explicit on the Phocas and Menas (much reduced) eulogiai (figs. 6, 9); it is visually and textually explicit here. , 35): For this also we greatly rejoice, that the gifts which you sent us were not unlike your character.

684: Bronze censer (Egypt, sixth century). 8. 230: Bronze stamp for pilgrim tokens of St. Isidore (Chios, sixth century). 9. Paris, Musée du Louvre, Département des antiquités grecques et romaines, MNC 1926: Terracotta pilgrim flask with St. ) (St. Thekla on the other side) (Abu Mena, sixth-seventh century). 10. Bronze censer (Egypt, sixth-seventh century); from Wulff, 1909 (no. 977). 11. Terracotta pilgrim flask with sailing ship (Abu Mena, sixth-seventh century); from Kaufmann, 1910 (pl. 12).

They include, from left to right, the Ascension, the Annunciation, the Nativity, the Baptism, the Crucifixion, and the Women at the Tomb. These images were frequently coupled with eulogiai of earth (fig. 13a) and oil (fig. 34; Grabar, 1958, Monza 2), and in a general sense evoked the “Holy Land” through the important biblical events that had, quite literally, made that land holy. Here they find themselves on equal footing with popular amuletic phrases, 41 signs, and images. l, “He that dwelleth in the Protection of the Most High [shall remain] in the shelter of the God of Heaven”; medallion four has a Medusa-headed serpent, magical signs, and the pentalpha, as well as the apotropaic acclamation “One God conquering [Evil]”; while in medallion eight there is a Holy Rider and a second pentalpha.

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Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art by Gary Vikan

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