Download e-book for iPad: Drugs and Contemporary Warfare by Paul Rexton Kan

By Paul Rexton Kan

ISBN-10: 1597972568

ISBN-13: 9781597972567

The dating among medicines and today’s wars has grown extra visible because the finish of the chilly struggle and may most probably assemble energy during this period of elevated globalization. Many violent teams and governments have lately grew to become to illicit narcotics of their entrepreneurial quests to stick conceivable within the post–Cold warfare international. it truly is no accident that a few of the such a lot violent and ongoing conflicts, from the Balkans to the Hindu Kush, from the Andes to the Golden Triangle, take place in parts of frequent drug creation and well-traveled distribution routes. Interdisciplinary in its procedure, Drugs and modern Warfare investigates the convergence of substances and sleek struggle, the violent actors fascinated by the drug alternate, the medication they produce and distribute, and the way those medicines input into battlefield conflicts and provides upward push to strive against narcosis. Paul Rexton Kan then examines counternarcotics operations and indicates options to shrink the drug trade’s results on modern clash. He deals numerous extensive concepts that refine checks, regulations, and operations to advertise development in social, fiscal, and political stipulations. The wish is that those innovations can help voters create sustainable societies and powerful governments in war-afflicted international locations suffering below the drug trade’s shadow. In an international looking for peace, the reply won't exclusively be at the battlefield but additionally at the entrance line opposed to unlawful narcotics. With a foreword via Moisés Naím, editor in leader of Foreign Policy journal and the writer of Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers, and Copycats Are Hijacking the worldwide Economy.

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6 During World War II, the Japanese used opium trafficking to extend their influence in Asia. ”7 In fact, opium became one of the financial underpinnings of Japan’s occupation of China. 9 Even liberal democracies succumbed to the temptation of the drug trade as a way to finance covert operations. The worldwide ban on opium trafficking coincided with the development of more transparent and accountable democratic practices in Europe and the United States. Governments, like the French, that ignored the international ban on trading opium, turned to it to hide covert activities beyond the view of domestic constituencies.

Additionally, in combination with the balloon effect, the hydra-effect is at work in the cocaine trade as well. Although the United States has the largest market for cocaine, Europe’s demand for cocaine is rising. As a result, the trafficking routes have expanded to countries in West Africa, including Cape Verde, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, and Liberia, that have shaky DRUGGING THE BATTLEFIELD 33 governance structures. They are being used as transshipment points, for there is a ready reservoir of people willing to earn money from the drug trade.

Using drugs to finance military operations has given groups greater autonomy and has weakened the ability of outside powers to influence warring groups. While organized criminal syndicates still provide middlemen, they are increasingly sharing their status with combatants themselves. This ability to “self-finance” armed conflict via drug profits reflects the advantages that globalization gives to contemporary armed groups and points to an increasingly complex international security environment.

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Drugs and Contemporary Warfare by Paul Rexton Kan

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