By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Materials Advisory Board, Committee on Assessment of Security Technologies for Transportation
Traditionally, such a lot terrorist assaults on civilian ambitions have concerned using firearms or explosives, and present shielding suggestions are aimed toward fighting assaults perpetrated by means of such skill. in spite of the fact that, using the nerve agent sarin in 1995 to assault the Tokyo subway process, using the U.S. mail in 2001 to distribute letters containing anthrax spores, and the invention in 2004 of the organic toxin ricin in U.S. Senate place of work structures in Washington, D.C., reveal that chemical and organic brokers were further to terrorists' arsenals. assaults concerning chemical/biological brokers are of serious quandary, not just a result of strength for mass casualties but in addition simply because there isn't any technique or expertise fielded this present day that may reply properly to this chance. because the usa and different international locations re-examine the protection measures they've got in position to avoid or shield opposed to such assaults, the hazards to the air transportation approach as a first-rate aim turn into transparent. protecting the U.S. Air Transportation approach opposed to Chemical and organic Threats is an exploration of protective recommendations that may be used to guard air transportation areas (specifically, airport terminals and airplane) opposed to assault with chemical or organic brokers and makes suggestions with recognize to the position of TSA in enforcing those techniques.
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Additional resources for Defending the U.S. Air Transportation System Against Chemical and Biological Threats
A. C. B. M. R. Coffee, A. P. P. L. J. T. G. L. T. Hadley, M. E. Gard, “Reagentless Detection and Classification of Individual Bioaerosol Particles in Seconds,” Anal. , Vol. 76, pp. 373-378, 2004. S. AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM AGAINST CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL THREATS DETECTION -BASED PARADIGM vs. NON-DETECTION BASED PARADIGM INCOMING AIR CHEMICAL 10 SEC BIO 2 MIN FILTER SAMPLE 5 MIN PRETREAT 60 MIN INCUBATE 30 SEC 2 MIN MEASURE ~20 SEC >10 MIN EVALUATE <1 MIN >80 MIN VERIFY ~DAYS?! CONTINUOUSLY TREAT RESPOND DECIDE WHAT TO DO FIGURE 3-4 Typical detection times for chemical and biological agents (left-hand side).
Thus, in terms of mitigating the impact of an attack with a slow-acting agent, the early detection and identification of agent and continuous air-treatment approaches could be complementary. S. air transportation spaces from terrorist attack with chemical/biological agents. The non-detection-based strategy has several undeniable advantages—it is cheaper, has a faster initial response, is more robust with respect to a wide variety of potential threat agents, and can be implemented now. S. transportation spaces against chemical/biological attacks.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO THE CHEMICAL/BIOLOGICAL THREAT Many federal agencies are actively involved in both funding and conducting research to develop defensive strategies and technologies for dealing with chemical/biological threats. These agencies include the Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) national laboratories, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and many others.
Defending the U.S. Air Transportation System Against Chemical and Biological Threats by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Materials Advisory Board, Committee on Assessment of Security Technologies for Transportation
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