By Lesley Williams Reid
By means of exploring the political and financial histories of Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and New Orleans, Reid files how each one urban skilled the loss of life of the economic, welfare-state political economic system and the increase of the post-industrial, absentee-state political economic climate and the way those differences have affected city crime premiums. Crime charges elevated as production employment reduced. in contrast, high-skill service-sector progress ended in much less crime in Boston, whereas low-skill service-sector development resulted in extra crime in Atlanta. moreover, these towns emphasizing legal justice expenses on the fee of social welfare expenses have had extra crime than these towns that didn't. Political and fiscal stipulations have motivated crime premiums, in occasionally unbelievable methods, around the post-World struggle II city panorama.
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Additional resources for Crime in the City: A Political and Economic Analysis of Urban Crime (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)
Underclass poverty is a structural condition that is characterized by chronic poverty, pervasive social deterioration, almost complete racial and ethnic segregation, widespread crime, social and community isolation, and most importantly rampant joblessness (Devine and Wright 1993; Massey and Denton 1993; Wilson 1987, 1996). Thus far my discussion of the employment-related changes associated with the shift from an industrial to a, so-called, post- 22 Crime in the City industrial society has focused on those who are actually employed in some form.
Agency and Rates of Crime If changes in crime rates are representative of changes in individual behavior, how might the rapid structural changes endemic of the late twentieth century American political economy influence the trends in crime through individual agency? The answer to this question may be found in the shift in the dominant culture of capitalism that has arguably accompanied the economic shift from an industrial to a postindustrial economy. An apparent debate, made quite explicitly in criminology, pits the virtues of capitalism against the vices of capitalism in creating crime.
Hence, it is in the direct interest of capital to reduce social spending. One of the more recent, and most comprehensive, effects of the new federalism has been what we now know of as welfare reform. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity and Reconciliation Act of 1996, commonly known as welfare reform, replaced the most comprehensive means-tested cash assistance for the poor, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant program.
Crime in the City: A Political and Economic Analysis of Urban Crime (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).) by Lesley Williams Reid
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