By Neil Brewer, Robyn Louise Young
Having Autism Spectrum ailment (ASD) can - given definite situational stipulations - make contributors extra at risk of changing into stuck up in illegal activity and liable to adverse interactions as soon as within the felony justice process.
Guided through empirical study, mental idea and illustrative case reports regarding adults with ASD who've been implicated in crimes, Robyn L. younger and Neil Brewer clarify why. They learn the pivotal cognitive, social and behavioural features detailed to ASD (such as susceptible concept of brain, limited pursuits and acute sensory sensitivities) that - separately or in interplay - may well give a contribution to contributors changing into considering unlawful actions. They then talk about how those similar features may end up in ongoing useless interplay with the felony justice procedure. Arguing that the forensic evaluation of people with ASD calls for huge redevelopment to explain the main deficits contributing to legal behaviour, the authors spotlight the necessity for, and fascinating nature of, intervention courses to reduce the legal vulnerability of adults with ASD and to organize them for interactions with the legal justice process. a last part increases a few significant unanswered questions and matters for destiny research.
This ebook may be of immeasurable curiosity to felony justice execs together with probation officials, social employees, medical and forensic psychologists, law enforcement officials, legal professionals and judges, in addition to scholars of those professions.
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Additional info for Crime and autism spectrum disorder : myths and mechanisms
Issues of diagnosis, very small sample size) are again pertinent and the data are insufficient to sustain the broad conclusion that individuals with ASD are over-represented in arson offences. In their study of secure hospital patients Hare et al. (1999) also drew attention to the fact that a higher proportion of patients with ASD than other patients had been involved in arson crimes (16% vs. 5%), but the number of cases is again so small (5 vs. 8) as to be uninterpretable. Mouridsen et al. (2008) also noted significantly more frequent arson convictions in the AS sample.
In Chapters 5 and 7 we have tried to justify and detail a variety of hypotheses that could be subjected to rigorous testing. Prevalence of Crime 37 Chapter 3 BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ASD Not all persons with ASD commit crime. Indeed, our examination of prevalence studies in Chapter 2 clearly indicates that – regardless of whether the prevalence of criminality is similar or higher for individuals with ASD than for the non-ASD population – only a small percentage of individuals with ASD commit crime.
Although, the introduction of the ASD classification served to make the disorder more homogenous by requiring individuals to meet all three of the social and communication criteria, the broad range of behaviours covered by each of these criteria, together with the range of possible severity levels, dictate that heterogeneity will remain. Similarly, given only two of the four criteria in the ritualistic domain are required to meet diagnosis, some individuals may present as resistant to change and having obsessive interests, while others diagnosed with the same disorder may be quite flexible and have no obsessions but engage in excessive stereotypical behaviours and have some sensory sensitivity.
Crime and autism spectrum disorder : myths and mechanisms by Neil Brewer, Robyn Louise Young
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