By Linda Wilson-Pauwels AOCA BScAAM Med edD, Elizabeth J. Akesson, Patricia A., Ph.D. Stewart
That includes 3-dimensional, colour-coded illustrations, this vintage paintings describes how the 12 significant nerve platforms attach the mind to the physique structures they regulate. The drawings convey the path and place of every nerve, in addition to its sensible modalities: this enables scholars to benefit not just the positioning of every nerve approach, yet how the platforms act in live performance to accomplish particular services. this article serves as a educating device for all well-being technology scholars who research neuro- and gross anatomy, together with scholars in drugs, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and actual remedy.
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Extra info for Cranial Nerves: Anatomy and Clinical Comments
The masticator nucleus also receives a minor bilateral input from the cortex of both cerebral hemispheres to provide for voluntary control of chewing. Axons from the masticator nucleus (lower motor neurons) course laterally through the pons to exit as the motor root on the medial aspect of the sensory trigeminal root. The motor axons course deep to the trigeminal ganglion in the middle cranial fossa and leave the cranium through foramen ovale (Fig. V-5). Just outside the cranium the motor and sensory branches of V3 unite to form a short main trunk, the mandibular nerve.
As a group, they have both motor and sensory* components; however, individual nerves may be purely motor, purely sensory, or mixed (both motor and sensory). The cranial nerves carry six distinct modalities three motor and three sensory. These are somatic motor (which innervate the muscles that develop from the somites); branchial motor (which innervate the muscles that develop from the branchial arches); visceral motor (which innervate the viscera, including glands and all smooth muscle); visceral sensory (which perceive sensory input from viscera); general sensory (which perceive touch, pain, temperature, pressure, vibration, and proprioceptive sensation); and special sensory** (which perceive smell, vision, taste, hearing, and balance).
Taste will not be considered to be a separate (seventh) modality (special visceral afferent) as it is in some text books, but will be included with the special sensory group. Page viii Table 1 The Cranial Nerves and Their Function Page ix Figure 1 Basal View of the Brain Page x Motor Pathways Motor pathways are composed of two major neurons; the upper motor neuron and the lower motor neuron (Fig. 2). Figure 2 The Motor Pathway The Upper Motor Neuron. This neuron is usually located in the cerebral cortex.
Cranial Nerves: Anatomy and Clinical Comments by Linda Wilson-Pauwels AOCA BScAAM Med edD, Elizabeth J. Akesson, Patricia A., Ph.D. Stewart