By Mariya Y. Omelicheva
Over the past twenty years, principal Asian states have witnessed an excessive revival of Islamic religion. in addition to its average and conventional kinds, radical and militant Islam has infiltrated groups of Muslims in primary Asia. Alarmed through the border incursions, sporadic terrorist violence and spiritual anti-governmental campaigns, the management of all critical Asian states followed vast measures opposed to radical Islam and intensified counterterrorism rules. This publication examines the damaging tendency of counterterrorism regulations of the relevant Asian states to develop extra alike amid propensities for divergence and attributes this development to the effect of the social context within which those states function. It underscores the significance of foreign atmosphere that shapes governments’ perceptions of terrorism and their counterterrorism rules. employing a complete theoretical framework, which integrates assorted mechanisms of overseas impacts on nation behaviour, the writer explains the primary Asian states’ perceptions of terrorist chance and their counterterrorism responses. The booklet analyses the counterterrorism guidelines of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, the 2 primary Asian states which have been least stricken by terrorist violence and Islamism yet selected to strive against these threats vigorously. utilizing fabrics derived from quite a lot of assets, together with felony records, officers’ memoirs and fieldwork, this examine will give a contribution to reports in Asian politics and nationwide defense, and diplomacy.
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Additional info for Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia (Central Asian Studies)
The Bolshevik revolution established Soviet rule in the Kyrgyz territory, whose status was upgraded to that of Soviet Republic in the USSR in 1936. The central Moscow government turned Kyrgyzstan into a raw materialsproducing agrarian appendage of the Soviet Union dependent on the center’s subsidies. Russians dominated the Kyrgyz political scene until the 1960s. The accession of the native Kyrgyz to the ranks of the Kyrgyz political elite rekindled a centuries-old rivalry between the northern and southern clans that resulted in the establishment of a system of local patronage, a vestige from feudal times.
I will use presidents’ statements and documents issued by the foreign ministries as the primary sources of data. The communiqués, reports, and declarations of the “power ministers,” which refer to the ministers of defense, internal affairs, and security, will be analyzed to establish the governments’ perspectives on different aspects of the states’ policies to combat terrorism. Although, in both states expert communities are rarely engaged in the process of decision-making, just like civil society is completely excluded from participation in these processes, security experts and political analysts can partake in crafting justiﬁcations of policy-related decisions.
For the normative reference groups, rewards and punishments are not the only factors that determine attractiveness of these groups to states. For the utilitarian reference group, material incentives and disincentives that have substantial monetary value or can be translated into tangible rewards are the primary means of affecting the behavior of other nations. Finally, those states that are interested in acquiring knowledge and information for ﬁnding or optimizing solutions to problems will turn to comparison reference groups.
Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia (Central Asian Studies) by Mariya Y. Omelicheva