Calculus I (Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics) - download pdf or read online

By Jerrold Marsden, Alan Weinstein

ISBN-10: 0387909745

ISBN-13: 9780387909745

Undergraduate Texts in arithmetic

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Alternatively, we can note that for x > 0 and y > 0, y = is the same as Y 2 = X, which is a parabola with the roles of x and y reversed; see Fig. 6. 1, we must be sure to take enough values of x , for we might otherwise miss some important details. 6. y = 6 is half a parabola on its side. Copyright 1985 Springer-Verlag. All rights reserved. 9), ( - 1, 0), (0, - 0. 9) on the graph. (See Fig. ) Should we draw a smooth curve through these points? How can we be sure there are no other little bumps in the graph?

We will develop the point-slope form of the equation of a straight line which will be essential for calculus. One begins the algebraic representation of the plane by drawing two perpendicular lines, called the x and y axes, and the placing the real numbers on each of these lines, as shown in Fig. 1. 1. The x and y axes in the plane. now be described by the pair ( a ,b) of real numbers obtained by dropping perpendiculars to the x and y axes, as shown in Fig. 2. The numbers which describe the point P are called the coordinates of P: the first coordinate listed is called the x coordinate; the second is they coordinate.

Shifted parabola Given an equation of the form y = ax2 + bx + c, we can complete the square on the right-hand side to put it in the formy = a(x - p)2 + q. Thus the graph of any equation y = ax2 + bx + c is a parabola. Copyright 1985 Springer-Verlag. All rights reserved. 5 Circles and Parabolas Example 5 Solullon Graph y = - 2x2 37 + 4x + 1. Completing the square gives y = -2x2 + 4x + 1 = - 2 ( x 2 - 2x - 5) = -2(x2-2x+1-I-+)= = -2(x - 112+ -2(x2-2x+1-5) 3. The vertex is thus at (1,3) and the parabola opens downward like y (see Fig.

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Calculus I (Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics) by Jerrold Marsden, Alan Weinstein


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