By Peter Dombrowski, Eugene Gholz
In Buying army Transformation, Peter Dombrowski and Eugene Gholz study the USA military's ongoing attempt to capitalize on details expertise. New rules approximately army doctrine derived from comparisons to web Age enterprise practices might be applied provided that the army buys technologically leading edge guns structures. Buying army Transformation examines how political and armed forces leaders paintings with the safety to boost the small ships, unmanned aerial autos, complicated communications gear, and systems-of-systems integration that may allow the recent army format.
Dombrowski and Gholz's research integrates the political courting among the safety and Congress, the bureaucratic courting among the companies and the army prone, and the technical services of alternative forms of companies. Many govt officers and analysts think that purely entrepreneurial start-up corporations or leaders in advertisement details know-how markets can produce the hot, network-oriented army apparatus. yet Dombrowski and Gholz locate that the present security might be most sensible capable of lead military-technology improvement, even for gear modeled at the civilian web. The U.S. govt is already spending billions of bucks every year on its ''military transformation'' program-money that may be simply misdirected and wasted if policymakers spend it at the flawed tasks or paintings with the incorrect firms.
In addition to this useful implication, Buying army Transformation deals key classes for the idea of ''Revolutions in army Affairs.'' a sequence of army analysts have argued that significant social and financial adjustments, just like the shift from the rural Age to the economic Age, inherently strength comparable alterations within the army. Buying army Transformation undermines this technologically determinist declare: advertisement innovation doesn't without delay be certain army innovation; as a substitute, political management and armed forces agencies decide on the trajectory of security funding. Militaries should still put money into new know-how in keeping with strategic threats and army leaders' specialist judgments in regards to the gear had to enhance army effectiveness. advertisement technological growth on its own doesn't generate an critical for army transformation.
Clear, cogent, and fascinating, Buying army Transformation is vital examining for newshounds, legislators, policymakers, and scholars.
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Extra resources for Buying Military Transformation: Technological Innovation and the Defense Industry
In selecting our cases, we chose equipment and services from both the node and network sides of network-centric warfare. First, we chose a classic “node,” ships. At the beginning of the debates about transformation, the shipbuilding sector was thought to be on the verge of a huge shakeout, and visionaries proposed new classes of small warships ranging from surface ships designed to operate in the littoral to small-deck carriers intended to host a few short takeoff and landing aircraft. Second, we chose to study the ﬁrms that make unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
46 We apply this framework to the military context, and our theory predicts that when the military’s requirements demand sustaining innovation, the process of working with established members of the defense industrial base should be straightforward. Christensen contrasts sustaining innovations with his deﬁnition of disruptive innovations. These technological advances initially perform less well than legacy systems, when their performance is measured by traditional standards. 47 According to Christensen, disruptive innovations can ﬂourish only when they are managed by nontraditional 28 IMPLEMENTING MILITARY INNOVATION organizations, in which case they can ﬁnd customers in fringe market niches, where their performance is measured by new metrics.
The military has a bewildering array of organizations involved in planning, technology development, and acquisition, and the defense community is famous for its jargon and acronym-ridden communications. Specialists are needed to ﬁgure out what the various organizations’ products mean and to separate the draft documents that will have lasting inﬂuence from the bulk of the reports that are ephemeral or insigniﬁcant. Over time, members of the defense ﬁrms’ business-development staffs develop the ability to judge.
Buying Military Transformation: Technological Innovation and the Defense Industry by Peter Dombrowski, Eugene Gholz
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