By Ferenc Morton Szasz (auth.)
During global warfare II, Franklin D.Roosevelt and Winston Churchill pooled their countries' assets within the race to overcome the Germans to the key of the atomic bomb. This booklet tells the tale of the British scientists who journeyed to Los Alamos to assist improve the world's first nuclear weapons.
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Additional resources for British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years
Marshall did valuable field testing to help determine the critical size and shape of the nuclear cores. Peierls and Frisch later wrote volumes in the Los Alamos Technical Series (originally termed the Los Alamos Encyclopedia); Marley, who advised the implosion groups, also wrote several chapters. 36 The list of other contributions could easily be extended. Ralph Carlisle Smith's 1949 summation of their accomplishments ran to five pages. ) The presence of British nationals working alongside American personnel on sophisticated technical and scientific problems raised a variety of questions.
Meanwhile, Groves' insistence on the "need to know" policy had frustrated more than just the British. Compartmentalization also hampered the necessary interaction between American scientists in various areas of the project. Since all the problems were interconnected, they argued that compartmentalization actually hindered the development of the weapon. )65 Groves never gave way completely, but he did bow with the prevailing winds. Under the pressure, he agreed to create a new installation - termed site Y - where communication could be more open.
The Ranch School was closed and the Army arrived en masse in late 1942 to take over the property. The selection of Los Alamos proved a wise one. About thirty-five miles northwest of Santa Fe, the site lay on a 7,000-foot mesa composed of volcanic tuff. A few miles to the west lay the Valle Grande, a gigantic caldera, which, ironically, had probably produced the largest explosion in North America when it erupted in prehistoric times. Access to the community could be carefully controlled through the one two-lane road that snaked up the valley to the mesa.
British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years by Ferenc Morton Szasz (auth.)