By P.A. Trudinger, Dalway J. Swaine
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Extra info for Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements
J. Ferment. , 50: 893-900. 1 THE CARBON CYCLE s. ) W. O. ) J. ) CONTENTS Introduction - Inorganic and organic carbon cycles . . . . . . . . . . . Chemical basis of carbonate equilibria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Global cycle of carbon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History and future of the carbon cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 31 33 38 42 INTRODUCTION - INORGANIC AND ORGANIC CARBON CYCLES Within its global biogeochemical cycle, the element carbon occurs in the form of various chemical compounds that are continuously being transformed and moved within two major, mutually interconnected cycles: (1) the inorganic carbon, or carbonate cycle in which carbon passes through a series of chemical equilibria; and (2) the organic carbon cycle in which carbon passes through the processes of biosynthesis and mineralization of organic matter (Fig.
This carbon is transported by rivers in the oceanic pool and is ultimately buried in sediments. Significantly more of the atmospheric COz, about 10% 35 of its total content, is drawn yearly into the organic carbon cycle (Holland, 1978). 2). The carbonate cycle harbors the inorganic carbon needed for biosynthesis, and therefore serves as a nutrient pool for the organic cycle. This nutrient pool is tapped and depleted by photosynthesis and becomes recharged by respiration and other, mostly microbial, degradational processes.
Thompson, M. , 1961. Control of carbonate solubility by carbonate complexes. Am. J. , 2 5 9 : 24-45. , 1976. The effects of the physical, chemical and biological evolution of t h e earth. R. Walter (Editor), Stromatolites. Developments in Sedimentology, No. 20. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 499-515. , 1960. The Chemistry and Fertility of Seawaters. Cambridge University Press, 2nd edn, 240 pp. , 1968. The abundance of COz in the Earth’s atmosphere through geologic time. H. Ahrens (Editor), Origin and Distribution of the Elements.
Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements by P.A. Trudinger, Dalway J. Swaine