By Jonathan J. Bean
Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln either thought of small enterprise the spine of yank democracy and loose firm. In past the dealer kingdom, Jonathan Bean considers the impression of this ideology on American politics from the nice melancholy to the production of the Small enterprise management throughout the Eisenhower management. Bean's research of public coverage towards small company in this interval demanding situations the long-accepted definition of politics because the interaction of prepared curiosity teams, mediated by means of a "broker-state" executive. particularly, he highlights the unorganized nature of the small company neighborhood and the ideological attraction that small company held for key individuals of Congress. Bean specializes in anti-chain-store laws starting within the Thirties and at the institution of federal small enterprise enterprises within the Nineteen Forties and Fifties. in accordance with Bean, Congress, encouraged by way of the rhetoric of predicament, usually misinterpreted or misrepresented the danger posed to small company from huge enterprises, and therefore, protecting laws occasionally labored opposed to the pursuits it was once intended to serve. regardless of this inaccurate reduction, argues Bean, small company has proved to be a remarkably resilient, if nonetheless unorganized, strength.
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Extra info for Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies Toward Small Business, 1936-1961 (Business, Society, and the State)
I see this great humane and worthy institution, this bulwark of democratic Governmentthe small independent businessman. Millard E. S. " 1 Wilson was responding to a widespread concern that the competitive advantages of big businesses might enable them to eliminate the opportunity for Americans to open their own small businesses. This concern had arisen with the emergence of large manufacturers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The subsequent rise of chain store retailers in the 1920S and 1930S renewed this concern that big business posed a threat to small business, a concern that continued to pervade discussion of business-government relations well into the twentieth century.
But interest-group politics, bureaucratic rivalries, and the personal philosophies of American presidents also played important roles in determining the outcome of small business legislation. The interplay of these factors produced a complex chapter in the history of American government in the twentieth century. The Politics of Small Business: A Historiographical Review Until recently, most historians have ignored small business and focused almost exclusively on the history of big business in America.
They were no more successful at the federal level. The Industrial Commission, a body created by Congress in 1898 to study the "trust question," investigated the impact of department stores on small retailers and concluded that Page 23 this new form of retailing benefited consumers. " Indeed, a study of retail trade in Boston found that the total number of retail firms increased in eighteen of twenty-five categories between 1874 and 1898. Furthermore, in the early twentieth century, the competitive pressure on independent merchants eased when department stores began specializing in luxury items, leaving the market for other goods to smaller retailers.
Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies Toward Small Business, 1936-1961 (Business, Society, and the State) by Jonathan J. Bean
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