By Jacob K. Olupona
What function do indigenous religions play in modern international? past Primitivism is a whole appraisal of indigenous religions - faiths integrally hooked up to the cultures during which they originate, as precise from international religions of conversion - as practised throughout the US, Africa, Asia and the Pacific at the present time. At a time whilst neighborhood traditions internationally are colliding with international tradition, it explores the way forward for indigenous faiths as they come across modernity and globalization. past Primitivism argues that indigenous religions should not beside the point in glossy society, yet are dynamic, revolutionary forces of constant power and impact. together with essays on Haitian vodou, Korean shamanism and the Sri Lankan 'Wild Man', the participants exhibit the relevance of local religions to thousands of believers all over the world, demanding the conception that indigenous faiths are vanishing from the face of the globe.
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As these tribes integrate further with Western culture, they increasingly accept Christianity, becoming ever more unified under a common religion. MacDonald argues further that 90 per cent of Melanesians identify themselves as Christian, while at the same time they continue to affirm the traditions of their ancestors. Most Melanesians use both indigenous and Christian ritual and mythology when confronting their daily concerns about health, wealth, and fertility. In negotiating regional and national concerns, Melanesians tend to appeal to global Christian “norms,” which they see as extensions of indigenous wisdom.
The gap between biblical and Protestant definitions of magic is wider than he posits. ” They do not appear to refer to something outside the realm of the gods in the Bible. Instead, many of the terms refer to various divinatory practices. The biblical denunciations have an almost “practical” tone to them (Levine 1974: 89). Practices are prohibited which rely on other people’s gods or which are outside of the control of the biblical authorities. The concept of “magic” as the use of forbidden powers is more important than the notion of working automatically.
Kendall uses religion as applied to the Korean shaman facing the dilemma of modernity. Kendall’s work resonates with the continuity paradigm 16 Jacob K. Olupona suggested by Karen McCarthy Brown and Bruce Lincoln. Although shamanism fails to conform to classic Western notions of religion, shamanism represents a stream of continuity with the Korean past. Korean shamans, such as Auntie Chun, are caught between the demands of Buddhism and Christianity, challenged by the forces of modernity in Korean nationalists and Japanese colonizers.
Beyond Primitivism: Indigenous Religious Traditions and Modernity by Jacob K. Olupona