By Charles S. Shapiro (auth.), Charles S. Shapiro (eds.)
Radionuclides produced via previous nuclear weapon attempt explosions include the biggest resource of anthropogenic radioactivity published into the earth's surroundings up to now. This quantity offers information and types concerning the destiny of the published radionuclides and their attainable results on human overall healthiness. it's divided into the next 3 components:
- resource time period Studies;
- Dose Reconstruction;
- Ecological and overall healthiness Effects,
and contains either Western and previously mystery Soviet learn reviews, illuminates earlier and present research.
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Extra resources for Atmospheric Nuclear Tests: Environmental and Human Consequences
In this regard the psychological effects assumed greater importance than any biological or physical effects of radiation. Consequently, work is being organized to reconstruct the real dose situation. The availability of good data facilitates this task but complications arise where such data are unavailable. , 1994b). The Chernobyl accident provides an example of a situation for which good information is obtainable. From the first day of the accident up to the present, measurements and monitoring of different radionuclides, surface contamination, air contamination etc.
1994a). There was an almost total absence of fission products in the radioactivity over Soviet territory with a marked presence of considerable quantities of tungsten radioisotopes. , 1994a). It was estimated that the cloud over the Russian territory containing radioactive products comprised about 2300 Ci of tungsten radioisotopes. 6. , 1994a). 23 In contrast to SCHOONER, the NTS's BANBURY detonation (18th December 1969) was considered by Izrael et a1. (1994a) most likely to have been a radiation accident.
3 Semipalatinsk Considering the Semipalatinsk test site, Doriglasov et al. (1994) note that the first detonation took place on 29th August 1949. This involved a 30 m tower and was a surface explosion. The last atmospheric explosion in the period took place on 24th December 1962 and was a surface nuclear detonation with a yield of about 20 kt. The number of atmospheric nuclear explosions totalled 117, including 25 surface nuclear explosions. In total 26 surface nuclear explosions were carried out in the FSU, 25 occurring in Semipalatinsk which was the principal proving ground for such tests.
Atmospheric Nuclear Tests: Environmental and Human Consequences by Charles S. Shapiro (auth.), Charles S. Shapiro (eds.)