By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee to Review Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives Program Detonation Technologies
The Army's skill to satisfy public and congressional calls for to spoil expeditiously all the U.S. declared chemical guns will be improved by means of the choice and acquisition of acceptable explosive destruction applied sciences (EDTs) to reinforce the most applied sciences for use to wreck the chemical guns at the moment on the Blue Grass military Depot (BGAD) in Kentucky and the Pueblo Chemical Depot (PCD) in Colorado. the military is thinking about 4 EDTs for the destruction of chemical guns: 3 from deepest quarter proprietors, and a fourth, Army-developed explosive destruction method (EDS). This ebook updates prior reviews of those applied sciences, in addition to the other doable detonation applied sciences, in keeping with numerous issues together with strategy adulthood, strategy efficacy, approach throughput, procedure safeguard, public and regulatory acceptability, and secondary waste matters, between others. It additionally presents targeted details on all of the standards at BGAD and PCD and premiums all the present appropriate EDTs plus the Army's EDS with recognize to how good it satisfies those specifications.
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Additional resources for Assessment of Explosive Destruction Technologies for Specific Munitions at the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
All munitions are stored on pallets in igloos (rockets are inside their SFTs), and the igloos are monitored to detect any leakers. The leakers are stored in overpacks and are treated separately from the remaining munitions. The stored munitions are delivered from the BGAD storage igloos to the BGCAPP unpack area, where they are monitored to determine if any have leaked during transport or unpacking. PMACWA estimates that there will be no more than 200 leaking rockets, all containing GB. Tables 1-1 and 1-2 provide information on overpacks.
Chemical munitions are placed in a cardboard or polypropylene box or carrier, which is transported to the top of the detonation chamber. The boxed munitions are fed into the detonation chamber through two offset loading chambers, each having its own door. The intact munitions are dropped onto a heated (550°C-600°C) bed of scrap metal, resulting in deflagration or detonation of the munition’s explosive fill, if there is any. If there is no explosive fill, the heat of the chamber will cause the agent to vaporize, rupturing the munition casing and exposing the agent to thermal destruction.
The current operational strategy for BGCAPP is to process these projectiles after the rockets have been processed. At the end of the processing campaign for each agent type, essentially all of the agent monitors have to be changed from the previous agent type to the new agent type. Changing includes testing to ensure proper operation. 2-in. mortars—the munitions handling equipment has to be adjusted. Requirement BG-3, which combines requirements BG-1 and BG-2, would have the advantages of both.
Assessment of Explosive Destruction Technologies for Specific Munitions at the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee to Review Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives Program Detonation Technologies
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