By Stephen Kinzer
With an exciting narrative that sheds a lot mild on fresh occasions, this nationwide bestseller brings to lifestyles the 1953 CIA coup in Iran that ousted the country’s elected best minister, ushered in a quarter-century of brutal rule lower than the Shah, and prompted the increase of Islamic fundamentalism and anti-Americanism within the center East. chosen as the best books of the 12 months by way of the Washington Post and The Economist, it now incorporates a new preface by way of the writer at the folly of attacking Iran.
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Additional info for All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror
C. qxd 5/2/03 9:01 AM Page 20 20 ALL THE SHAH’S MEN Iran, and preached this creed after a series of divine visions. Zoroastrianism has had a profound effect on Persian history not simply because Cyrus used it in his audaciously successful campaign of empire-building, but because it has captured the hearts of so many believers over the course of so many centuries. The Zoroastrian religion taught Iranians that citizens have an inalienable right to enlightened leadership and that the duty of subjects is not simply to obey wise kings but also to rise up against those who are wicked.
Two monumental staircases leading up to the hall are decorated with intricately detailed carvings depicting the annual ritual of obedience, which was held on the day of the vernal equinox. Today they offer a vivid picture of how completely Persian emperors once dominated the richest lands on earth. The carvings show rulers of subject states filing past their supreme leader, each bearing gifts symbolizing the wealth of his province. Archaeologists have managed to identify most of them, and the very names of their cultures evoke the richness of antiquity.
They insisted that Reza preserve the monarchy, and ﬁnally won him to their side. Although Reza was uneducated and barely literate, he had a deep understanding of the Iranian style of politics. A couple of years after his coup, he conceived a theatrical drama that he correctly calculated would carry him to the pinnacle of power. He retired to a small village, supposedly to reﬂect and meditate, and resigned from all his government posts. Before departing, he had arranged to be bombarded by demands that he return to power.
All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror by Stephen Kinzer