By Hugh D. Clout (auth.)
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Additional info for Agriculture
One-sixth of the trade between member countries is in agricultural goods. TOWARDS A COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY As has already been mentioned, each member nation has operated its own price-support measures and policies to improve farm 47 TABLE 16 Agricultural Characteristics of the Common Market Countries, 1965 C. Mkt. Italy France Fed. Ger. Neth. Lux. Belg. P. 37 19 30 79 39 53 36 Tractors/'000 ha farmland 104 84 87 187 242 137 255 Fertiliser used (kg)fha of farmland 18,883 3222 4465 7443 2980 13 710 Number of agricultural advisers Source: R.
With the following, and unfortunately conflicting, aims. Agricultural productivity was to be increased through technical progress and rational development. A fair standard of living for the farming population was to be ensured. Markets would be stabilised and the consumer be guaranteed reasonable food prices. The Community's farms contribute between 5·8 per cent (Federal Germany) and 14·4 per cent (Italy) of national incomes and employ between 6 per cent (Belgium) and 25 per cent (Italy) of the working populations of the various countries (Table 16).
As has already been shown, agricultural yields in post-war Eastern Europe had fallen disastrously from pre-war levels. Taking the example of wheat production, average yields in Poland had fallen from 1460 kg/ha (1937) to 950 kg/ha (1947) and in Hungary from 1490 kg/ha to 1020 kgfha. Polish production was halved from 19·7 million quintals to 9·8 million quintals and that for Hungary toppled from 26·8 million quintals to 10·0 million quintals. For both political and economic reasons a radical reorganisation of East European agriculture was initiated in 5 D.
Agriculture by Hugh D. Clout (auth.)
Categories: Food Science