By et al S. H. Lin (Editor)
Between others, chemistry, physics, biology, and fabric sciences have noticeable a quick development in either experimental and theoretical reviews of multi-photon procedures and spectroscopy of atoms, ions and molecules. This publication is a vital addition to a complicated sequence that comprises evaluate papers readable not just by way of energetic researchers in those parts, but in addition via people who find themselves desiring to input the sphere. Written by means of specialists within the quarter, the stories are self-contained to permit readers to know the foremost techniques with no a lot practise. This quantity might be worthy to energetic researchers in addition to to scientists in biology, chemistry, fabric sciences, and physics.
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Extra info for Advances In Multi-photon Processes And Spectroscopy
How should the theoretical simulation for the wave packet dynamics be probed experimentally? With the present-day laser technology, this is most easily done by using a coherent probe laser with sufﬁcient range of time delay to ionize the D2+ ion. 33 After the initial pump with an 8 fs pulse with a peak intensity of 3 × 1014 W/cm2 , an intense 8 fs probe pulse with a higher peak intensity 8 × 1014 W/cm2 was used to ionize the D2+ ion. This intensity is strong enough to fully ionize the D2+ ion if it is in the excited state.
Inclusion of Franck–Condon factors leads to the proper treatment of the molecular vibrational degrees of freedom. All our formulas consist of the pre-exponential and exponential factors, ch02 March 2, 1994 9:41 WSPC/SPI-B348: Advances of Multi-Photon Processes and Spectroscopy (AMPS Vol 17) Generalization and Application to Molecular Systems 33 and have explicit laser frequency dependence in the same manner as the original atomic Keldysh theory. The latter fact facilitates the exploration of the laser frequency dependence of the photoionization rate, which is more advantageous than the popular ADK formulas.
We estimate the effects of the respective Coulomb correction on resonance structure of the photoionization rate, Keldysh parameter, ponderomotive energy. In Sec. 5, we demonstrate a detailed derivation of general analytical expressions of photoionization rates of spatially aligned large polyatomic molecules in the tunneling photoionization region. Firstly, molecular Coulomb-corrected Volkov function is derived for determining the continuum state and the position dependence of atoms forming the molecule is explicitly included in it.
Advances In Multi-photon Processes And Spectroscopy by et al S. H. Lin (Editor)