Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)'s A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste PDF

By Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0442259395

ISBN-13: 9780442259396

ISBN-10: 9401170339

ISBN-13: 9789401170338

Writing this ebook has been a excitement, however it has additionally been challenging. It was once a satisfaction to work out that the evidence of nutrition personal tastes, consuming, and nutrients habit conform in lots of how you can the final rules of psychology. Matching those, even if, used to be frequently like placing jointly a jigsaw puz­ zle-looking at a truth and attempting to work out which mental theories or ideas have been appropriate. This was once made tougher by way of conflicting rules in psychology and contradictory findings in mental in addition to food-preference examine. the fabric brought up isn't really intended to be exhaustive. definitely, i've been stimulated via my very own study pursuits and issues of view. whilst conflicting info exist, I chosen those who appeared to me such a lot representa­ tive or appropriate, and i've performed so with no continuously declaring opposite findings. this is applicable additionally to the dialogue of mental prin­ ciples. a lot mental learn is finished in very restrictive stipulations. accordingly, it has restricted applicability past the confines of the context within which it used to be performed. What holds precise of novelty, complexity, and interest while two-dimensional line drawings are studied, for instance, would possibly not have a lot to do with novelty, complexity, and interest in rela­ tion to meals, which range in lots of methods reminiscent of form, colour, flavor, texture, and smell. however, i've got attempted to signify relationships among psy­ chological rules and meals preferences.

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Even if our bodies once knew what was best for us and tended toward a balanced and healthy diet, it is unlikely they would freely do so now, at least not without appropriate exposure to healthful foods and some guidance in selecting them. The Wisdom of the Body Long before the studies on self-selection of diet, Walter Cannon, a physiologist, showed that the physiological changes that take place in hunger and strong emotions are those that help the individual cope with threat and stress (Cannon 1939).

Exposure in a neutral setting may produce liking, but favorable attitudes are most effectively created by a positive context, and one of the most effective positive contexts is one in which there is some element of prestige-seeing the food in an opulent setting or seeing it enjoyed by one's peers, one's television heroes, or even one's parents. For young children, adults obviously have prestige or there would be no games such as playing house or pretending to be grown up. Even rebellious teenagers respect Long-term Food Preferences 27 some of their parents' opinions and may even come to tell them so one day.

Variety in a meal, 1981). Overeating on Thanksgiving and other holidays may be due more to the variety of foods offered than to custom. If we are filled with one food, we usually don't refuse a different one, and no matter how stuffed we are, we always seem to have room for dessert. Self-Selection of Diets and the Wisdom of the Body Are there innate physiological mechanisms that regulate food preferences and intakes? The possibility has intrigued psychologists and physiologists for years. There are homeostatic mechanisms that work much like a thermostat to regulate body temperature, sleep, and hunger.

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A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste by Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)

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